Paleobiology & Geobiology Research Group

at Virginia Tech

Publications

Journal Covers from Our Research

2017

Bykova, N. V., Gill, B. C., Grazhdankin, D., Rogov, V., & Xiao, S. 2017. A geochemical study of the Ediacaran discoidal fossil Aspidella

          preserved in limestones: Implications for its taphonomy and paleoecology. Geobiology, 15, 572-587. doi:10.1111/gbi.12240


Cui, H., Kaufman, A. J., Xiao, S., Zhou, C., & Liu, X. 2017. Was the Ediacaran Shuram Excursion a globally synchronized early diagenetic

          event? Insights from methane-derived authigenic carbonates in the uppermost Doushantuo Formation, South China. Chemical Geology,          

          450, 59-80. doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.12.010


Hawkins, A. D., Xiao, S., Jiang, G., Wang, X., & Shi, X. 2017. New biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic data from the Ediacaran Doushantuo

          Formation in intra-shelf and upper slope facies of the Yangtze platform: Implications for biozonation of acanthomorphic acritarchs in          

          South China. Precambrian Research, 300, 28-39. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.08.004


Hoshino, Y., Poshibaeva, A., Meredith, W., Snape, C., Poshibaev, V., Versteegh, G. J. M., . . . Hallmann, C. 2017. Cryogenian evolution of

          stigmasteroid biosynthesis. Science Advances, 3, e1700887. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700887


Laing, A., Doyle, S., Gold, E. M., Nesbitt, S., O'Leary, M., Turner, A., . . . Poole, K. 2017. Giant taxon-character matrices: the future of

          morphological systematics. Cladistics. doi:10.1111/cla.12197


LoDuca, S. T., Bykova, N., Wu, M., Xiao, S., & Zhao, Y. 2017. Seaweed morphology and ecology during the great animal diversification events

          of the early Paleozoic: A tale of two floras. Geobiology, 15, 588-616. doi:DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12244


Meyer, M., Polys, N., Yaqoob, H., Hinnov, L., & Xiao, S. 2017. Beyond the stony veil: Reconstructing the Earth's earliest large animal traces via

          computed tomography X-ray imaging. Precambrian Research, 298, 341–350. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.05.010


Muscente, A. D., Schiffbauer, J. D., Broce, J., Laflamme, M., O'Donnell, K., Boag, T. H., . . . Xiao, S. 2017. Exceptionally preserved fossil

          assemblages through geologic time and space. Gondwana Research, 48, 164-188. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2017.04.020


Nesbitt, S. J., Butler, R. J., Ezcurra, M. D., Barrett, P. M., Stocker, M. R., Angielczyk, K. D., . . . Charig, A. J. 2017. The earliest bird-line

          archosaurs and assembly of the dinosaur body plan. Nature, 544, 484-487.


Nesbitt, S. J., & Desojo, J. B. 2017. The osteology and phylogenetic position of Luperosuchus fractus Archosauria: Loricata from the latest

          Middle Triassic or earliest Late Triassic of Argentina. Ameghiniana, 54, 261–282.


Ouyang, Q., Guan, C., Zhou, C., & Xiao, S. 2017. Acanthomorphic acritarchs of the Doushantuo Formation from an upper slope section in

          northwestern Hunan Province, South China, with implications for early Ediacaran biostratigraphy. Precambrian Research, 298, 512–529.

          doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.07.005


Qu, Y., Wang, J., Xiao, S., Whitehouse, M., Engdahl, A., Wang, G., & McLoughlin, N. 2017. Carbonaceous biosignatures of diverse

          chemotrophic microbial communities from chert nodules of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation. Precambrian Research, 290, 184-196.          

          doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.01.003


Shen, B., Xiao, S., Zhou, C., Dong, L., Chang, J., & Chen, Z. 2017. A new modular palaeopascichnid fossil Curviacus ediacaranus new genus

          and species from the Ediacaran Dengying Formation in the Yangtze Gorges area of South China. Geological Magazine,

          10.1017/S001675681700036X.


Stocker, M. R., Zhao, L.-J., Nesbitt, S. J., Wu, X.-C., & Li, C. 2017. A short-snouted, Middle Triassic phytosaur and its implications for the

          morphological evolution and biogeography of Phytosauria. Scientific reports, 7, 46028. doi:10.1038/srep46028


Tang, Q., Hughes, N. C., McKenzie, N. R., Myrow, P. M., & Xiao, S. 2017. Late Mesoproterozoic-early Neoproterozoic organic-walled

          microfossils from the Madhubani Group of the Ganga Valley, northern India. Palaeontology. doi:10.1111/pala.12323


Tang, Q., Pang, K., Yuan, X., & Xiao, S. 2017. Electron microscopy reveals evidence for simple multicellularity in the Proterozoic fossil Chuaria.

          Geology, 45, 75-78. doi:10.1130/G38680.1


Wang, W., Guan, C., Zhou, C., Peng, Y., Pratt, L. M., Chen, X., . . . Xiao, S. 2017. Integrated carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen isotope

          chemostratigraphy of the Ediacaran Lantian Formation in South China: spatial gradient, ocean redox oscillation, and fossil distribution.

          Geobiology, 15, 552-571. doi:10.1111/gbi.12226


Wang, Z., Wang, J., Kouketsu, Y., Bodnar, R. J., Gill, B. C., & Xiao, S. 2017. Raman geothermoδ13C signatures in the aftermath of the terminal

          Cryogenian snowball Earth glaciation. Precambrian Research, 298, 174-186. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2017.06.013


Wang, Z., Wang, J., Suess, E., Wang, G., Chen, C., & Xiao, S. 2017. Silicified glendonites in the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation South China

          and their potential paleoclimatic implications. Geology, 45, 115-118. doi:10.1130/G38613.1


Xiao, S., Zhou, C., Guan, C., & Wan, B. 2017. Neoproterozoic Strata and Ediacaran Fossils in Yichang of South China: China University of

          Science and Technology Press.


Zhang, H., & Xiao, S. 2017. Three-dimensionally phosphatized meiofaunal bivalved arthropods from the upper Cambrian of western Hunan,

          South China. Neues Jahrbuch f¸r Geologie und Pal‰ontologie Abhandlungen, 285, 39-52. doi:10.1127/njgpa/2017/0668


Zhou, C., Li, X.-H., Xiao, S., Lan, Z., Ouyang, Q., Guan, C., & Chen, Z. 2017. A new SIMS zircon U-Pb date from the Ediacaran Doushantuo

          Formation: age constraint on the Weng'an biota. Geological Magazine, 10.1017/S0016756816001175.


Zhou, C., Xiao, S., Wang, W., Guan, C., Ouyang, Q., & Chen, Z. 2017. The stratigraphic complexity of the middle Ediacaran carbon isotopic

          record in the Yangtze Gorges area, South China, and its implications for the age and chemostratigraphic significance of the Shuram     

          excursion. Precambrian Research, 288, 23-38. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2016.11.007


2016

Chen, L., Xiao, S., Pang, K., Zhou, C., & Yuan, X. 2016. Are the new Ediacaran Doushantuo embryo-like fossils early metazoans? A reply.     

          Palaeoworld, 25, 132-134. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2015.08.001


Cui, H., Grazhdankin, D. V., Xiao, S., Peek, S., Rogov, V. I., Bykova, N. V., . . . Kaufman, A. J. 2016. Redox-dependent distribution of early          

          macro-organisms: Evidence from the terminal Ediacaran Khatyspyt Formation in Arctic Siberia. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology                         

          Palaeoecology, 461, 122-139. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.08.015


Cui, H., Kaufman, A. J., Xiao, S., Peek, S., Cao, H., Min, X., . . . Martin, A. J. 2016. Environmental context for the terminal Ediacaran                         

          biomineralization of animals. Geobiology, 144, 344-363. doi:10.1111/gbi.


Cui, H., Xiao, S., Zhou, C., Peng, Y., Kaufman, A. J., & Plummer, R. E. 2016. Phosphogenesis associated with the Shuram Excursion:

          Petrographic and geochemical observations from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation of South China. Sedimentary Geology, 341,

          134-146. doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2016.05.008


Griffin, C. T., & Nesbitt, S. J. 2016. The femoral ontogeny and long bone histology of the Middle Triassic ?late Anisian dinosauriform Asilisaurus

          kongwe and implications for the growth of early dinosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e1111224.

          doi:10.1080/02724634.2016.1111224


Huang, K.-J., Teng, F.-Z., Shen, B., Xiao, S., Lang, X., Ma, H.-R., . . . Peng, Y. 2016. Episode of intense chemical weathering during the

          termination of the 635 Ma Marinoan glaciation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,

          11352, 14904-14909. doi:10.1073/pnas.1607712113


Lessner, E. J., Stocker, M. R., Smith, N. D., Turner, A. H., Irmis, R. B., & Nesbitt, S. J. 2016. A new taxon of rauisuchid Archosauria,

          Pseudosuchia from the Upper Triassic of New Mexico increases the diversity and temporal range of the clade. PeerJ, 4, e2336. doi:DOI

          10.7717/peerj.2336


Li, C., Wu, X.-C., Zhao, L.-J., Nesbitt, S. J., Stocker, M. R., & Wang, L.-T. 2016. A new armored archosauriform Diapsida: Archosauromorpha

          from the marine Middle Triassic of China, with implications for the diverse life styles of archosauriforms prior to the diversification of

          Archosauria. The Science of Nature, 10395. doi:10.1007/s00114-016-1418-4


Muscente, A. D., Allmon, W. D., & Xiao, S. 2016. The hydroid fossil record and analytical techniques for assessing the affinities of putative

          hydrozoans and possible hemichordates. Palaeontology, 59, 71-87. doi:10.1111/pala.12209


Nesbitt, S. J., & Clarke, J. A. 2016. The anatomy and taxonomy of the exquisitely preserved Green River Formation Early Eocene lithornithids

         Aves and the relationships of Lithornithidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 406, 1-91.


Pritchard, A. C., Turner, A. H., Irmis, R. B., Nesbitt, S. J., & Smith, N. D. 2016. Extreme modification of the tetrapod forelimb in a Triassic diapsid

          reptile. Current Biology.


Shen, B., Dong, L., Xiao, S., Lang, X., Huang, K., Peng, Y., . . . Liu, P. 2016. Molar tooth carbonates and benthic methane fluxes in Proterozoic

          oceans. Nature Communications, 6, 10317. doi:10.1038/ncomms10317


Stocker, M. R., Nesbitt, S. J., Criswell, K. E., Parker, W. G., Witmer, L. M., Rowe, T. B., . . . Brown, M. A. 2016. A dome-headed stem archosaur

          exemplifies convergence among dinosaurs and their distant relatives. Current Biology, 26, 2674–2680.


Wan, B., Yuan, X., Chen, Z., Guan, C., Pang, K., Tang, Q., & Xiao, S. 2016. Systematic description of putative animal fossils from the early

          Ediacaran Lantian Formation of South China. Palaeontology, 59, 515–532. doi:10.1111/pala.12242


Wang, X., Jiang, G., Shi, X., & Xiao, S. 2016. Paired carbonate and organic carbon isotope variations of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation

          from an upper slope section at Siduping, South China. Precambrian Research, 273, 53-66. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2015.12.010


Werning, S., & Nesbitt, S. J. 2016. Bone histology and growth in Stenaulorhynchus stockleyi Archosauromorpha: Rhynchosauria from the

          Middle Triassic of the Ruhuhu Basin of Tanzania. Paleovol, 15, 163-175.


Wu, M., LoDuca, S. T., Zhao, Y., & Xiao, S. 2016. The macroalga Bosworthia from the Cambrian Burgess Shale and Kaili biotas of North

          America and China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 230, 47-55. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2016.04.001


Xiao, S. Episodes, 394, 540–555. doi:10.18814/epiiugs/2016/v39i4/103886


Xiao, S., Tang, Q., Hughes, N. C., McKenzie, N. R., & Myrow, P. M. 2016. Biostratigraphic and detrital zircon age constraints on the basement

          of the Himalayan Foreland Basin: Implications for a Proterozoic link to the Lesser Himalaya and cratonic India. Terra Nova, 286,               

          419-426. doi:10.1111/ter.12235


Yuan, X., Wan, B., Guan, C., Chen, Z., Zhou, C., Xiao, S., . . . Hua, H. 2016. The Lantian Biota. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology     

          Press.


2015

Barrett, P. M., S. J. Nesbitt, and B. R. Peecook. 2015, A large-bodied silesaurid from the Lifua Member of the Manda beds (Middle Triassic) of Tanzania and its implications for body-size evolution in Dinosauromorpha. Gondwana Research,  27: 925-931.


Cai, Y., S. Xiao, H. Hua, and X. Yuan. 2015, New material of the biomineralizing tubular fossil Sinotubulites from the late Ediacaran Dengying Formation, South China. Precambrian Research,  261: 12–24.


Chen, A.-L., W. E. G. Müller, X.-G. Hou, and S. Xiao. 2015a, New articulated protospongiid sponges from the early Cambrian Chengjiang biota. Palaeoworld,  24: 46-54.


Chen, L., S. Xiao, K. Pang, C. Zhou, and X. Yuan. 2015b, Are the new Ediacaran Doushantuo Megasphaera-like acritarchs early metazoans? A reply. Palaeoworld,  10.1016/j.palwor.2015.08.001.


Cortijo, I., Y. Cai, H. Hua, J. D. Schiffbauer, and S. Xiao. 2015, Life history and autecology of an Ediacaran index fossil: Development and dispersal of Cloudina. Gondwana Research,  28: 419-424.


Cui, H., A. J. Kaufman, S. Xiao, M. Zhu, C. Zhou, and X.-M. Liu. 2015, Redox architecture of an Ediacaran ocean margin: integrated chemostratigraphic (δ13C - δ34S - 87Sr/86Sr - Ce/Ce*) correlation of the Doushantuo Formation. Chemical Geology,  405: 48-62.


Hughes, N. C., P. M. Myrow, N. R. McKenzie, S. Xiao, D. M. Banerjee, D. F. Stockli, and Q. Tang. 2015, Age and implications of the phosphatic Birmania Formation, Rajasthan, India. Precambrian Research,  267: 164-173.


Kammerer, C. F., R. J. Butler, S. Bandyopadhyay, and M. R. Stocker. 2015, Relationships of the Indian phytosaur Parasuchus hislopi Lydekker, 1885. Papers in Paleontology,  2015: 1-23.


Kendall, B., T. Komiya, T. W. Lyons, S. M. Bates, G. W. Gordon, S. Romaniello, G. Jiang, R. A. Creaser, S. Xiao, K. McFadden, Y. Sawaki, M. Tahata, D. Shu, J. Han, Y. Li, X. Chu, and A. D. Anbar. 2015, Uranium and molybdenum isotope evidence for an episode of widespread ocean oxygenation during the late Ediacaran Period. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,  156: 173–193.


LoDuca, S. T., J.-B. Caron, J. D. Schiffbauer, S. Xiao, and A. Kramer. 2015, A reexamination of Yuknessia from the Cambrian of British Columbia and Utah. Journal of Paleontology,  89: 82-95.


Muscente, A. D., A. D. Hawkins, and S. Xiao. 2015a, Fossil preservation through phosphatization and silicification in the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation (South China): A comparative synthesis. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,  434: 46-62.


Muscente, A. D., F. M. Michel, J. Dale, and S. Xiao. 2015b, Assessing the veracity of Precambrian 'sponge' fossils using in situ nanoscale analytical techniques. Precambrian Research,  263: 142-156.


Muscente, A. D., F. M. Michel, J. Dale, and S. Xiao. 2015c: Invalidating reports of sponge spicules below the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary. Paper presented at the Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, 2015c.


Muscente, A. D., and S. Xiao. 2015a, New occurrences of Sphenothallus in the lower Cambrian of South China: Implications for its affinities and taphonomic demineralization of shelly fossils. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,  437: 141-164.


Muscente, A. D., and S. Xiao. 2015b, Resolving three-dimensional and subsurficial features of carbonaceous compressions and shelly fossils using backscattered electron scanning electron microscopy (BSE-SEM). Palaios,  30: 462-481.


Narbonne, G. M., M. Moczydłowska-Vidal, and S. Xiao. 2015: Formulating a Terminal Ediacaran Stage. Paper presented at the Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, 2015.


Nesbitt, S. J., and M. D. Ezcurra. 2015, The early fossil record of dinosaurs in North America: a new neotheropod (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the base of the Dockum Group (Upper Triassic) of Texas. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica.


Ou, Q., S. Xiao, J. Han, G. Sun, F. Zhang, Z. Zhang, and D. Shu. 2015, A vanished history of skeletonization in Cambrian comb jellies. Science Advances,  1: e1500092 (doi 10.1126/sciadv.1500092).


Pang, K., Q. Tang, X. Yuan, B. Wan, and S. Xiao. 2015, A biomechanical analysis of the early eukaryotic fossil Valeria and new occurrence of organic-walled microfossils from the Paleo-Mesoproterozoic Ruyang Group. Palaeoworld,  10.1016/j.palwor.2015.04.002.


Pritchard, A. C., A. H. Turner, S. J. Nesbitt, R. B. Irmis, and N. D. Smith. 2015, Late Triassic tanystropheid (Reptilia, Archosauromorpha) remains from northern New Mexico (Petrified Forest Member, Chinle Formation): insights into distribution, morphology, and paleoecology of Tanystropheidae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: 10.1080/02724634.2014.911186.


Smith, A., L. M. Chiappe, J. A. Clarke, S. V. Edwards, D. T. Ksepka, S. J. Nesbitt, M. A. Norell, T. A. Stidham, A. H. Turner, M. van Tuinen, J. Vinther, and X. Xu. 2015, Rhetoric vs. Reality: a commentary on "Bird Origins Anew" by A. Feduccia, Auk. The Auk,  132: 467-480.


Tang, Q., K. Pang, S. Xiao, X. Yuan, and B. Wan. 2015, Organic-walled microfossils from the Tonian Gouhou Formation, Huaibei region, North China Craton, and their biostratigraphic implications. Precambrian Research,  266: 296-318.


Tang, Q., and S. Xiao. 2015: Trachyhystrichosphaera aimika as a potential Tonian index fossil. Paper presented at the Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, 2015.


Werning, S., and S. J. Nesbitt. 2015, Bone histology and growth in Stenaulorhynchus stockleyi (Archosauromorpha: Rhynchosauria) from the Middle Triassic of the Ruhuhu Basin of Tanzania. Paleovol.


Whiteside, J. H., M. Dunlavey, S. Lindstrom, R. B. Irmis, A. Kasprak, I. J. Glasspool, S. J. Nesbitt, N. D. Smith, and A. H. Turner. 2015, Ecosystem instability during the Late Triassic rise of dinosaurs in North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Xiao, S., and G. Jiang. 2015: Subdivisions of the Ediacaran System: Integrating biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic data. Paper presented at the Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, 2015.


Ye, Q., J. Tong, S. Xiao, S. Zhu, Z. An, L. Tian, and J. Hu. 2015, The survival of benthic macroscopic phototrophs on a Neoproterozoic snowball Earth. Geology,  43: 507-510.


Zanno, L. E., S. Drymala, S. J. Nesbitt, and V. P. Schneider. 2015, Early crocodylomorph increases top tier predator diversity during rise of dinosaurs. Scientific reports: 10.1038/srep09276.


Zhou, C., S. Xiao, Q. Ouyang, C. Guan, and W. Wang. 2015: Subdivision of the early Ediacaran. Paper presented at the Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, 2015.



2014


Babcock, L. E., S. Peng, M. Zhu, S. Xiao, and P. Ahlberg. 2014, Proposed reassessment of the Cambrian GSSP. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,  98: 3-10.


Broce, J., J. D. Schiffbauer, K. Sen Sharma, G. Wang, and S. Xiao. 2014a, Possible animal embryos from the lower Cambrian (Stage 3) Shuijingtuo Formation, Hubei Province, South China. Journal of Paleontology,  88: 385-394.


Broce, J., T. L. Selly, J. D. Schiffbauer, S. T. LoDuca, and S. Xiao. 2014b: Comparative Burgess Shale-type taphonomy across variable tissue biochemistries: analysis of mineral associations in lower-middle Cambrian fossils of western North America. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014b.


Butler, R. J., O. W. M. Rauhut, M. R. Stocker, and R. Bronowicz. 2014, Redescription of the phytosaurs Paleorhinus ('Francosuchus') angustifrons and Ebrachosuchus neukami from Germany, with implications for Late Triassic biochronology. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society,  170: 155-208.


Cai, Y., S. Xiao, H. Hua, and X. Yuan. 2014: New material of Sinotubulites from the late Ediacaran Dengying Formation, South China. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.


Chen, L., S. Xiao, K. Pang, C. Zhou, and X. Yuan. 2014a, Cell differentiation and germ-soma separation in Ediacaran animal embryo-like fossils. Nature,  516: 238-241.


Chen, Z., C. Zhou, S. Xiao, W. Wang, C. Guan, H. Hua, and X. Yuan. 2014b: Ediacaran fossils in marine limestone from Dengying Formation, China. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014b.


Chen, Z., C. Zhou, S. Xiao, W. Wang, C. Guan, H. Hua, and X. Yuan. 2014c, New Ediacara fossils preserved in marine limestone and their ecological implications. Scientific Reports,  4: 4180; DOI:10.1038/srep04180.


Cui, H., A. J. Kaufman, S. Xiao, C. Zhou, and M. Zhu. 2014: Anaerobic oxidation of methane associated with the Shuam event revealed from the authigenic carabonates in the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.


Drumheller, S. K., M. R. Stocker, and S. J. Nesbitt. 2014, Direct evidence of trophic interactions among apex predators in the Late Triassic of western North America. Naturwissenschaften,  101: 975-987.


Hawkins, A. D., S. Xiao, G. Jiang, X. Shi, and X. Wang. 2014a: Acritarch biostratigraphy of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation in an upper slope facies. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014a.


Hawkins, A. D., S. Xiao, H. P. Liu, and D. E. G. Briggs. 2014b: Phosphatization of vermiform fossils from the Winneshiek Lagerstätte, Winneshiek Shale, northeast Iowa. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014b.


Kaufman, A. J., H. Cui, S. Peek, V. Rogov, D. Grazhdankin, and S. Xiao. 2014a: The effect of seawater redox stratification on early metazoans from the terminal Ediacaran Khatyspyt Formation of arctic Siberia. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014a.


Kaufman, A. J., H. Cui, C. Zhou, and S. Xiao. 2014b: Do authigenic carbonate cements explain the Neoproterozoic (and Permian) carbon isotope records? Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014b.


Liu, P., S. Xiao, C. Yin, S. Chen, C. Zhou, and M. Li. 2014a, Ediacaran acanthomorphic acritarchs and other microfossils from chert nodules of the upper Doushantuo Formation in the Yangtze Gorges area, South China. Journal of Paleontology,  72 (supplement to No 1): 1-139.


Liu, Y., S. Xiao, T. Shao, J. Broce, and H. Zhang. 2014b, The oldest known priapulidlike scalidophoran animal and its implications for the early evolution of cycloneuralians and ecdysozoans. Evolution & Development,  16: 155-165.


Loduca, S. T., J. D. Schiffbauer, and S. Xiao. 2014a: Taphonomy and paleoecology of Silurian algal-Lagerstätten. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014a.


LoDuca, S. T., M. Wu, Y. Zhao, S. Xiao, and J. D. Schiffbauer. 2014b: Yuknessia from the Cambrian of China. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014b.


Meyer, M., D. Elliott, J. D. Schiffbauer, M. Hall, K. H. Hoffman, G. Schneider, P. Vickers-Rich, and S. Xiao. 2014a, Taphonomy of the Ediacaran fossil Pteridinium simplex preserved three-dimensionally in mass flow deposits, Nama Group, Namibia. Journal of Paleontology,  88: 240-252.


Meyer, M., D. Elliott, A. D. Wood, N. F. Polys, M. Colbert, J. A. Maisano, P. Vickers-Rich, M. Hall, K. H. Hoffman, G. Schneider, and S. Xiao. 2014b, Three-dimensional microCT analysis of the Ediacara fossil Pteridinium simplex sheds new light on its ecology and phylogenetic affinity. Precambrian Research,  249: 79-87.


Meyer, M., S. Xiao, B. C. Gill, J. D. Schiffbauer, Z. Chen, C. Zhou, and X. Yuan. 2014c, Interactions between Ediacaran animals and microbial mats: insights from Lamonte trevallis, a new trace fossil from the Dengying Formation of South China. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology,  396: 62-74.


Meyer, M., S. Xiao, J. D. Schiffbauer, Z. Chen, C. Zhou, and X. Yuan. 2014d: Lamonte trevallis, a new trace fossil from the Dengying Formation of South China: insights into late Ediacaran benthic ecology. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014d.


Muscente, A. D., and S. Xiao. 2014a: Scanning electron imaging of shell construction in the problematic tubular fossil Sphenothallus from the early Cambrian (Series 2) of South China. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014a.


Muscente, D., and S. Xiao. 2014b: Taphonomy and allometry of the problematic tubular fossil Spehnothallus from the early Cambrian (Series 2) of South China. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014b.


Nesbitt, S. J., C. A. Sidor, K. D. Angielczyk, R. M. H. Smith, and L. A. Tsuji. 2014, A new archosaur from the Manda beds (Anisian: Middle Triassic) of southern Tanzania and its implications for character optimizations at Archosauria and Pseudosuchia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology,  34: 1357-1382.


Peng, Y., H. Bao, L. M. Pratt, A. J. Kaufman, G. Jiang, D. Boyd, Q. Wang, C. Zhou, X. Yuan, S. Xiao, and S. Loyd. 2014, Widespread contamination of carbonate-associated sulfate by present-day secondary atmospheric sulfate: Evidence from triple oxygen isotopes. Geology,  42: 815-818.


Schiffbauer, J. D., K. Pang, Q. Tang, J. Yao, X. Yuan, B. Wan, L. Chen, Z. Ou, and S. Xiao. 2014a: The nature and origin of nucleus-like intracellular inclusions in Paleoproterozoic eukaryote microfossils. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014a.


Schiffbauer, J. D., A. F. Wallace, J. Broce, and S. Xiao. 2014b. Exceptional fossil conservation through phosphatization; pp. 59-82 in M. Laflamme, J. D. Schiffbauer, and S. A. F. Darroch (eds.), Reading and Writing of the Fossil Record: Preservational Pathways to Exceptional Fossilization (The Paleontological Society Papers, Volume 20).


Schiffbauer, J. D., and S. Xiao. 2014, An examination of life history and behavrioral evolution across the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition. Journal of Paleontology,  88: 205-206.


Schiffbauer, J. D., S. Xiao, Y. Cai, A. F. Wallace, H. Hua, J. Hunter, H. Xu, Y. Peng, and A. J. Kaufman. 2014c, A unifying model for Neoproterozoic–Palaeozoic exceptional fossil preservation through pyritization and carbonaceous compression. Nature Communications,  5: 5754 (doi: 10.1038/ncomms6754).


Sidor, C. A., K. D. Angielczyk, R. M. H. Smith, A. K. Goulding, S. J. Nesbitt, B. R. Peecook, J. S. Steyer, and S. Tolan. 2014, Tapinocephalids (Therapsida: Dinocephalia) from the Madumabisa Mudstone Formation (Mid-Zambezi Basin) of southern Zambia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology,  34: 980-986.


Tang, Q., K. Pang, S. Xiao, X. Yuan, Z. Ou, and B. Wan. 2014: Organic-walled microfossils from the early Neoproterozoic Liulaobei Formation in the Huainan region of North China and their biostratigraphic significance. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.


Wan, B., S. Xiao, X. Yuan, Z. Chen, K. Pang, Q. Tang, C. Guan, and J. A. Maisano. 2014a: Orbisiana linearis from the early Ediacaran Lantian Formation of South China and its taphonomic and ecological implications. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014a.


Wan, B., S. Xiao, X. Yuan, Z. Chen, K. Pang, Q. Tang, C. Guan, and J. A. Maisano. 2014b, Orbisiana linearis from the early Ediacaran Lantian Formation of SouthChina and its taphonomic and ecological implications. Precambrian Research,  255: 266–275.


Wang, Z., J. Wang, S. Xiao, and S. Tu. 2014: Tepee structures of the late Ediacaran Dengying Formation in the Yangtze Gorges area, South China and their implications for glacioeustatic sea level change. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.


Xiao, S. 2014a, Evolution: The making of Ediacaran giants. Current Biology,  24: R120-122 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.12.035).


Xiao, S. 2014b, Geobiology of the Ediacaran Period. International Field Workshop of the Marwar Supergroup, Rajasthan, India: 72.


Xiao, S. 2014c. Oxygen and early animal evolution; pp. 231-250 in H. D. Holland, and K. K. Turekian (eds.), Treatise on Geochemistry, Second Edition, vol. 6 (The Atmosphere - History). Elsevier, Oxford.


Xiao, S., L. Chen, X. Yuan, and C. Zhou. 2014a: New observations of phosphatized acanthomorphic acritarchs and animal embryo-like microfossils from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation at Weng'an. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014a.


Xiao, S., Z. Chen, C. Zhou, W. Wang, C. Guan, H. Hua, and X. Yuan. 2014b: Preliminary report of new Ediacara fossils from bituminous limestone of the Dengying Formation in South China. Paper presented at the Tenth North American Paleontology Convention Abstract Book, 2014b.


Xiao, S., M. Droser, J. G. Gehling, I. V. Hughes, B. Wan, Z. Chen, and X. Yuan. 2014c, Affirming life aquatic for the Ediacara biota in China and Australia: Reply. Geology,  42: e326 (doi:10.1130/G35364Y.1).


Xiao, S., Y. Liu, T. Shao, J. S. Broce, and H. Zhang. 2014d: Penis worms and their relatives in the earliest Cambrian Period. Paper presented at the Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 2014d.


Xiao, S., A. D. Muscente, L. Chen, C. Zhou, J. D. Schiffbauer, A. D. Wood, N. F. Polys, and X. Yuan. 2014e, The Weng'an biota and the Ediacaran radiation of multicellular eukaryotes. National Science Review,  1: 498-520.


Xiao, S., and M. Sharma. 2014, International Field Workshop on the Marwar Supergroup, Rajasthan, India. Episodes,  37: 74-75.


Xiao, S., B. Shen, Q. Tang, A. J. Kaufman, X. Yuan, J. Li, and M. Qian. 2014f, Biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic constraints on the age of early Neoproterozoic carbonate successions in North China. Precambrian Research,  246: 208-225.


Xiao, S., and C. Zhou. 2014. Field Guidebook: Symposium and Field Workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy.


Xiao, S., C. Zhou, P. Liu, D. Wang, and X. Yuan. 2014g, Phosphatized acanthomorphic acritarchs and related microfossils from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation at Weng'an (South China) and their implications for biostratigraphic correlation. Journal of Paleontology,  88: 1-67.


Xiao, S., C. Zhou, and M. Zhu. 2014h, International symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian stratigraphy. Episodes,  37: 218-221.


Yuan, X., Z. Chen, S. Xiao, B. Wan, C. Guan, W. Wang, C. Zhou, and H. Hua. 2014: The Lantian biota: A new window onto the origin and early evolution of multicellular organisms. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.


Zhang, H., X. Dong, and S. Xiao. 2014, New bivalved arthropods from the Cambrian (Series 3, Drumian Stage) of western Hunan, South China. Acta Geologica Sinica,  88: 1388-1396.


Zhou, C., Z. Chen, W. Wang, and S. Xiao. 2014: The stratigraphic complexity of the middle Ediacaran Shuram anomaly in western Hubei Province, South China. Paper presented at the Abstracts of South China 2014: A symposium and field workshop on Ediacaran and Cryogenian Stratigraphy, 2014.



2013


Xiao, S., 2013, Oxygen and animal evolution. In D. E. Canfield, J. Farquhar, and J. F. Kasting (ed.), Treatise in Geochemistry, Volume 13: The Atmosphere. Elsevier, Dordrecht. In Press.

Zhang, H., X.-p. Dong, and S. Xiao, 2013, Reply to "Comment on 'Three head-larvae of Hesslandona angustata', Zhang et al., Gondwana Research, Volume 21, Issue 4, May 2012, Pages 1115-1127". Gondwana Research, 23: 1181-1182.

Yuan, X., Z. Chen, S. Xiao, B. Wan, C. Guan, W. Wang, C. Zhou, and H. Hua, 2013, The Lantian biota: A new window onto the origin and early evolution of multicellular organisms. Chinese Science Bulletin (English Edition), 58: 701-707.

Xiao, S. and L. P. Knauth, 2013, Fossils come in to land. Nature, 493: 28-29.

Chen, Z., C. Zhou, M. Meyer*, K. Xiang, J. D. Schiffbauer*, X. Yuan, and S. Xiao, 2013, Trace fossil evidence for Ediacaran bilaterian animals with complex behaviors. Precambrian Research, 224: 690-701.

2012

Botting, J. P., L. A. Muir, S. Xiao, X. Li, and J.-P. Lin, 2012, Evidence for spicule homology in calcareous and siliceous sponges: biminerallic spicules in Lenica sp. from the Early Cambrian of South China. Lethaia, 45: 463-475.

Wang, W., C. Zhou, X. Yuan, Z. Chen, and S. Xiao, 2012, A pronounced negative d13Ccarb excursion in an Ediacaran succession of western Yangtze Platform: a possible equivalent to the Shuram event and its implication for chemostratigraphic correlation in South China. Gondwana Research, 22: 1091-1101.

Narbonne, G. M., S. Xiao, J. G. Gehling, and G. A. Shields-Zhou, The Ediacaran Period. p. p. 413-435. In F. M. Gradstein, J. G. Ogg, M. Schmitz, and G. Ogg (ed.), Geological Time Scale 2012. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Dong*, L., W. Song, S. Xiao, X. Yuan, Z. Chen, and C. Zhou, Micro- and macrofossils from the Piyuancun Formation and their implications for the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary in southern Anhui. Journal of Stratigraphy, 36: 600-610.

Peng, S., X. Wang, S. Xiao, J. Tong, H. Hua, M. Zhu, and Y. Zhao, A call to replace the chronostratigraphic unit Sinian System (Period) with the global Ediacaran System (Period). Journal of Stratigraphy, 36: 55-59 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Dong, L. and S. Xiao, Quantitative methods in morphometric study of early life. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 51: 14-25 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Zhou, C., S.-Y. Jiang, S. Xiao, Z. Chen, and X. Yuan, Rare earth elements and carbon isotope geochemistry of the Doushantuo Formation in South China: Implication for middle Ediacaran shallow marine redox conditions. Chinese Science Bulletin, 57: 1998-2006.

Meyer*, M., J. D. Schiffbauer, S. Xiao, Y. Cai, and H. Hua, Taphonomy of the late Ediacaran enigmatic ribbon-like fossil Shaanxilithes. Palaios, 27: 354-372.

Schiffbauer*, J. D., A. F. Wallace, J. L. Hunter, M. Kowalewski, R. J. Bodnar, and S. Xiao, Thermally-induced structural and chemical alteration of organic-walled microfossils: an experimental approach to understanding fossil preservation in metasediments. Geobiology, 10: 402-423.

Zhang, H., X.-p. Dong, S. Xiao, Three head-larvae of Hesslandona angustata (Phosphatocopida, Crustacea) from the Upper Cambrian of western Hunan, South China and the phylogeny of Crustacea. Gondwana Research, 21: 1115-1127.

Zabini, C., J. D. Schiffbauer, S. Xiao, M. Kowalewski, Biomineralization, taphonomy, and diagenesis of Paleozoic lingulide brachiopod shells preserved in silicified mudstone concretions. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 326-328: 118-127.

Cai*, Y., J. D. Schiffbauer, H. Hua, S. Xiao, Preservational modes in the Ediacaran Gaojiashan Lagersttte: Pyritization, aluminosilicification, and carbonaceous compression. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 326-328: 109-117.

Cunningham, J. A., C.-W. Thomas, S. Bengtson, S. L. Kearns, S. Xiao, F. Marone, M. Stampanoni, P. C. J. Donoghue, Distinguishing geology from biology in the Ediacaran Doushantuo biota relaxes constraints on the timing of the origin of bilaterians. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences), 279: 2369-2376.

Lyons, T. W., Reinhard, C. T., Love, G. D., Xiao, S., Geobiology of the Proterozoic Eon. p. 371-402. In A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield, K. O. Konhauser (ed.), Fundamentals of Geobiology. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ.

Xiao, S., A. H. Knoll, J. D. Schiffbauer, C. Zhou, X. Yuan, Comment on Fossilized nuclei and germination structures identify Ediacaran animal embryos as encysting protists. Science, 335: 1169c.

Jiang, G., X. Wang, X. Shi, S. Xiao, The origin of decoupled carbonate and organic carbon isotope signatures in the early Cambrian (ca. 542-520 Ma) Yangtze platform. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 317-318: 96-110.

Schiffbauer*, J. D., S. Xiao, K. Sen Sharma, G. Wang, The origin of intracellular structures in Ediacaran metazoan embryos. Geology, 40: 223-226.

S. Xiao, K. A. McFadden*, S. Peek, A. J. Kaufman, C. Zhou, G. Jiang, and J. Hu, Integrated chemostratigraphy of the Doushantuo Formation at the northern Xiaofenghe section (Yangtze Gorges, South China) and its implication for Ediacaran stratigraphic correlation and ocean redox models. Precambrian Research, 192-195: 125-141.

2011

McKenzie, N. R., N. C. Hughes, P. M. Myrow, S. Xiao, and M. Sharma, Correlation of Precambrian-Cambrian sedimentary successions across northern India: a test of the utility of isotopic signatures of Himalayan lithotectonic units. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 312: 471-483.

Cai*, Y., J. D. Schiffbauer*, H. Hua, and S. Xiao, Morphology and paleoecology of the late Ediacaran tubular fossil Conotubus hemiannulatus from the Gaojiashan Lagerstätte of southern Shaanxi Province, South China. Precambrian Research, 191: 46-57.

Kowalewski, M., J. L. Payne, F. A. Smith, S. C. Wang, D. W. McShea, S. Xiao, P. Novack-Gottshall, C. R. McClain, R. A. Krause, A. G. Boyer, S. Finnegan, K. Lyons, J. A. Stempien, J. Alroy, and P. A. Spaeth, 2011, The Geozoic Supereon. Palaios, 26: 251-255.

Anderson*, E., J. D. Schiffbauer*, and S. Xiao, Taphonomic study of Ediacaran organic-walled fossils confirms the importance of clay minerals and pyrite in Burgess Shale-type preservation. Geology, 39: 643-646.

 Jiang, G., X. Shi, S. Zhang, Y. Wang, and S. Xiao, Stratigraphy and paleogeography of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation (ca. 635-551 Ma) in South China. Gondwana Research, 19: 831-849.

Zhang, H., X. Dong, and S. Xiao, Two species of Hesslandona (Phoshatocopida, Crustacea) from the upper Cambrian of western Hunan, South China and the phylogeny of Phosphatocopida. Journal of Paleontology, 85: 770-788.

Yuan, X., Z. Chen, S. Xiao, C. Zhou, and H. Hua, An early Ediacaran assemblage of macroscopic and morphologically differentiated eukaryotes. Nature, 470: 390-393.

Shen*, B., S. Xiao, H. Bao, A. J. Kaufman, C. Zhou, and X. Yuan, Carbon and sulfur isotope evidence for a strong depth gradient and oceanic oxidation after the Ediacaran Hankalchoughglaciation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75: 1357-1373.

Shen*, B., C.-T. Lee, and S. Xiao, Germanium/silica ratios in diagenetic chert nodules from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation, South China. Chemical Geology, 280: 323-335.


2010

Cai*, Y., H. Hua, S. Xiao, J. D. Schiffbauer*, and P. Li, Biostratinomy of the late Ediacaran pyritized Gaojiashan Lagerstätte from southern Shaanxi, South China: Importance of event deposits. Palaios, 25: 487-506.

Hua, H., Z. Chen, X. Yuan, S. Xiao, and Y. Cai, The earliest Foraminifera from southern Shaanxi, China. Science China Earth Sciences, 53: 1756-1764.

Jiang, G., X. Wang, X. Shi, S. Zhang, S. Xiao, and J. Dong, Organic carbon isotope constraints on the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) reservoir at the Cryogenian-Ediacaran transition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 299: 159-168.

Lin, J.-P., Y.-L. Zhao, I. A. Rahman, S. Xiao, and Y. Wang, Bioturbation in Burgess Shale-type Lagerstätten - Case study of trace fossil-body fossil association from the Kaili Biota (Cambrian Series 3), Guizhou, China. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 292: 245-256.

Shen*, B., S. Xiao, C. Zhou, A. J. Kaufman, and X. Yuan, Carbon and sulfur isotope chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Quanji Group of the Chaidam Basin, NW China: basin stratification in the aftermath of an Ediacaran glaciation postdating the Shuram event? Precambrian Research, 177: 241-252.

Xiao, S., J. D. Schiffbauer*, K. A. McFadden*, and J. Hunter, Petrographic and SIMS pyrite sulfur isotope analyses of Ediacaran chert nodules: Implications for microbial processes in pyrite rim formation, silicification, and exceptional fossil preservation. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 297: 481-495.

Xiao, S., M. Kowalewski, B. Shen, L. Dong, and M. Laflamme, The rise of bilaterians: a few closing comments. Historical Biology, 22: 433-436.

Xiao, S., Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Luo, A Golden Age of Paleontology in China? A SWOT Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 13: 3E:4p.

Xiao, S., Evolutionary patterns of the Ediacara biota. p. 129-133. In J. Weil and D. Blumel (ed.), McGraw-Hill Year Book of Science & Technology 2010. The McGraw-Hill Companies, New York.

(* denotes graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, or visiting scientists in the Xiao lab; please contact xiao@vt.edu for reprints)


For contributions older than 2010 and links to PDFs, see the research page of Dr. Xiao here